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*EPA ( use United States Environmental Protection Agency)



The abbreviation for the Environmental Protection Agency is EPA. The Environmental Protection Agency put out a study indicating that secondhand smoke is a carcinogen which kills about 3,000 nonsmokers each year and is responsible for up 300,000 cases of bronchitis and pneumonia in children annually. Cigarette ingredients hexyl ether, and nicotine sulfate, are reported in the EPA TSCA (Toxic Substances Control Act) inventory of 1980 (J. Jacobus report 4/11/94). Mary D. Overpeck (epidemiologist) and Abigail J. Moses (statistician) were authors of a study cited in a Philip Morris ad, "Were You Misled?" in 1994. Philip Morris' intent was to publicize the alleged flaws in EPA's report, "Respiratory Health Effects of Passive Smoking: Lung Cancer and Other Disorders" (Moss/LAT 8/3/94). The only finding from the Overpack/Moss study cited by EPA was that "42% of children 5 years of age and under are estimated to live in households with current smokers" (Moss/LAT 8/3/94). Per Overpeck and Moss, "the EPA report was meticulous in presenting descriptions from other studies that demonstrated scientific evidence of the respiratory effects of ETS . . . . If other studies cited in the EPA report were as "misrepresented" as was our study, then the 'facts' presented in the Philip Morris ad are highly suspect." (Moss/LAT 8/3/94).


Synonyms

   @epa